新概念英語第二冊第68課:Persistent

時間:2020-08-13 14:49:43

Lesson 68   Persistent糾纏不休

  First listen and then answer the question.
  聽錄音,然后回答以下問題。
  Why did Elizabeth tell Nigel that she was going to the dentist?
  I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw me and came running towards me. It was no use pretending that I had not seen him, so I waved to him. I never enjoy meeting Nigel Dykes. He never has anything to do. No matter how busy you are, he always insists on coming with you. I had to think of a way of preventing him from following me around all morning.
  'Hello, Nigel,' I said. 'Fancy meeting you here!'
  'Hi, Elizabeth,' Nigel answered. 'I was just wondering how to spend the morning -- until I saw you. You're not busy doing anything, are you?'
  'No, not at all,' I answered. 'I'm going to...'
  'Would you mind my coming with you?' he asked, before I had finished speaking.
  'Not at all,' I lied, 'but I'm going to the dentist.'
  'Then I'll come with you,' he answered. 'There's always plenty to read in the waiting room!
  參考譯文
  我穿過馬路以便避開他,但他看到我并朝我跑過來。若再裝作沒看見他已是沒有用了,我只好向他招手。我就怕遇到奈杰爾.戴克斯。他從來都是無事可做,不管你多忙,他總是堅持要跟你去。我得想辦法不讓他整個上午纏著我。
  “你好,奈杰爾,想不到在這兒見到你。”我說。
  “你好,伊麗莎白,”奈杰爾回答說,“我正不知道怎么消磨這一上午呢,正好見到你。你不忙,是嗎?”
  “不,不忙,我打算去......”我回答。
  “我跟你一道去行嗎?”沒等我說完話他就問道。
  “沒關系,但我準備去牙醫那里。”我說了個謊。
  “那我也跟你去,候診室里總有很多東西可供閱讀!”他回答。
 
  New words and expressions 生詞和短語
  persistent
  adj. 堅持的,固執的
 
  avoid
  v. 避開
 
  insist
  v. 堅持做
 

Lesson 68   自學導讀First things first

  課文詳注  Further notes on the text
  1.I crossed the street to avoid meeting him, but he saw me and came running towards me. 我穿過馬路以便避開他,但他看到我并朝我跑過來。
 。1)avoid 以及本課中出現的 enjoy, fancy, mind, finish等動詞后面只跟名詞性的賓語,即只跟名詞或動名詞:
  They managed to avoid a car crash/crashing their car into the wall.
  他們設法躲過了一起汽車撞車事故/避免了將車撞在墻上。
 。2)running 引導的是分詞短語,作狀語,修飾 came,表示伴隨狀況:
  She ran after the thief shouting out for help.
  她一邊追趕小偷,一邊大聲喊叫求助。
 
  2.It was no use pretending that I had not seen him…若再裝做沒看見他已是沒有用了……
  這句話中,it是先行主語,真正的主語是 pretending 引導的動名詞短語。It is (of) no use doing…是個固定結構(其中的 of可省略),表示“做……也是徒勞的/無益的”:
  It is (of) no use worrying about your family.
  為你的家人擔心是無益的。
 
  3.No matter how busy you are…不管你多忙……
  no matter可與疑問詞 (how, who, when, where, what等)一起引導讓步從句,表示“無論”:
  No matter where you go, you can't forget your home.
  無論你到哪里,都無法忘記自己的家。
  No matter what I say, I seem to say the wrong thing.
  無論我說什么,都似乎說得不當。
 
  4.I had to think of a way of preventing him from following me around all morning. 我得想辦法不讓他整個上午纏著我。
  think of在這里的含義是“想出”, way在這里表示“辦法”, a way of后面的部分用于修飾 way。prevent表示“阻止/制止”時其常用結構為 prevent sb. from doing sth., from可以省略:
  I can't prevent you from going if you want to.
  你如果想去,我無法阻止。
 
  5.You're not busy doing anything, are you? 你不忙,是吧?
  這是一個附加疑問句,又稱反意疑問句,是由陳述句后面加簡略疑問句構成。陳述句如果是肯定的,則附加疑問句通常用否定形式;陳述句如果是否定的,則附加的疑問句用肯定形式。陳述句中有助動詞時,附加疑問句重復其中的助動詞;如果沒有,則用do的各種形式構成:
  John was angry, wasn't he?
  約翰生氣了,不是嗎?(肯定式+否定式)
  He hasn't left, has he?
  他沒走,是嗎?(否定式+肯定式)
  I can see him, can't I?
  我可以見他,不是嗎?(情態助動詞作助動詞)
  You like it, don't you?
  你喜歡它,不是嗎?(沒有助動詞時加do)
 
  6.Would you mind my coming with you? 我跟你一道去行嗎?
 。1)Would/ Do you mind…? 是一個用來表示客氣的請求或征求意見的結構,其中可以用if引導的從句或動名詞結構。表示“同意/不介意”時,用“No, not at all”或“Certainly not”來回答;不同意時往往用一些委婉的說法,如“ I'm sorry, but…”等回答,不用“yes, I do”:
  Would you mind waiting a moment?
  您等一會兒行嗎?
  No,not at all.
  可以。
  I'm sorry,but I have to see the manager in ten minutes.
  對不起,不過我10分鐘后得去見經理。
 。2)如果動名詞的動作執行者與句子的主語不一致時,它前面可以加所有格形容詞或賓格代詞,作為動名詞的邏輯主語(cf. 本課語法):
  I hope you won't mind my staying here.
  我希望你不介意我呆在這兒。
 
  語法 Grammar in use
  動名詞的一些用法
 。1)在第20課的語法中,我們學習了動名詞的基本形式和作用,在第44課的語法中,我們學習了動名詞用于某些短語動詞
 。╨ook forward to, be used to等)之后、一些表示喜好的動詞(hate, love, prefer等)之后不定式與動名詞的區別以及 need 和want之后動名詞的用法等:
  I like watching TV.
  我喜歡看電視。(一般行為)
  I'd like to watch TV.
  我(現在)想看電視。(特定)
  The strap needs mending.
  這提包帶需要修理。(動名詞在這里有被動的含義)
 。2)有些動詞后可以用動名詞作賓語,但不能用不定式。這些動詞包括 avoid, admit, deny, fancy, finish, enjoy, mind(在乎,在意),suggest, stand(容忍)等:
  I tried to avoid meeting him.
  我試圖避開他。
  I never enjoy meeting Nigel Dykes.
  我就怕遇到奈杰爾·戴克斯。
  I haven't finished speaking yet.
  我還沒有說完。
 。3)有些結構通常要接動名詞,如 busy, worth, it is no/little use, bored with, interested in, insist on, prevent…from等:
  I'm busy making meat pies.
  我正忙著做肉餡餅。
  A Lancaster bomber in reasonable condition is worth rescuing.
  一架狀況尚好的蘭開斯特轟炸機值得搶救。
  He insisted on paying.
  他堅持要付錢。
  I'm interested in acting.
  我對表演感興趣。
 。4)動名詞可以有自己的邏輯主語(即動作執行者,而不是句子的主語):
  He insisted on my paying the bill.
  他堅持要我付賬。
  I don't think the children enjoy your/his/John's singing.
  我不認為孩子們喜歡你/他/約翰唱的歌。
  Please excuse his not writing to you.
  請原諒他沒有給你寫信。
  Do you mind my smoking?
  我可以抽煙嗎?
  Do you mind opening/my opening the door?
  你/我可以開門嗎?
 。5)come和go之后可以跟與戶外活動相關的動名詞(climbing, driving, fishing, riding, shopping, walking等),表示建議、邀請或敘事:
  Why don't we go swimming?
  為什么我們不去游泳呢?
  Come dancing this evening.
  今晚來跳舞吧。
  Yesterday we went fishing.
  昨天我們去釣魚了。
 。6)感知動詞(hear, see, feel, watch等)后面既可以跟賓語加分詞結構,也可以跟賓語加不帶to的不定式,F在分詞往往強調動作正在發生,用于敘述中時使人身臨其境;不定式則可以表 示動作發生了或過程結束了。有時它們之間的區別不大,可以互相替換使用。試比較:
  I watched him climb/climbing the tree.
  我看到他爬樹了。(區別不大)
 
  詞匯學習 Word study
  1.fancy vt.
 。1)設想,想像:
  Fancy meeting you here!
  想不到在這兒見到你!
  Fancy Ian not knowing the answer to such an easy question!
  真想不到伊恩竟會不知道如何回答這樣一個簡單的問題!
 。2)想要,喜歡(往往用于指個人愛好):
  I don't fancy going for a walk in the rain.
  我不愛在雨中散步。
  It's a fine day and I fancy driving down to the coast.
  天氣真好,我想開車去海邊。
 
  2.insist vt.,vi.
 。1)堅持,堅決認為:
  He insisted that he was right.
  他堅持他是對的。
  He insists on the importance of the meeting.
  他強調這個會議的重要性。
 。2)堅決主張/要求,一定要:
  I insist on speaking to the manager.
  我堅決要求/一定要與經理談話。
  My wife insists that I (should) have my hair cut.
  我妻子執意要我理發。
 

Lesson 68   課后練習和答案Exercises and Answer

 
新概念英語第二冊第68課:Persistent
新概念英語第二冊第68課:Persistent
新概念英語第二冊第68課:Persistent
新概念英語第二冊第68課:Persistent
新概念英語第二冊第68課:Persistent
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